If you have been accused of the crime of conspiracy, you may be unsure of the exact definition of the crime. A criminal conspiracy comes about when multiple people cooperate in some way to commit an unlawful act. Therefore, it means that a person knowingly worked with another to commit a crime.
It’s possible to be found guilty of conspiracy to commit a crime even if a person did not directly engage in a criminal act. For example, if a person helps another to plan a murder by establishing the victim’s whereabouts and informing the murderer of how to gain access to them, they would be guilty of conspiracy to commit murder. If you have been accused of conspiracy to commit a crime and you want to successfully defend yourself, it is important that you understand the considerations made in a conspiracy case.
There should be an agreement
For a person to be found guilty of conspiracy, there should be proof that they agreed to cooperate in the crime in some way. Therefore, a possible defense is to argue that you never agreed to cooperate in a crime and that the information you provided to the criminal was simply coincidental.
Intent must be present
As with most crimes, intent must be shown in order for a defendant to be found guilty. For example, you may have informed a person about the whereabouts of an acquaintance, without knowing that this person intended to murder them. If you provided this information but had no intention of facilitating a murder, you are not guilty of conspiracy.
An overt act should have been made
In most cases, a person cannot be charged with simply talking about committing a crime or making hypothetical plans. They must take a concrete step that helps the criminal to commit their crime. For example, if you rent a car and drive a murderer to the victim’s location while knowing their full intentions, you will be committing conspiracy to murder.
It is possible to successfully defend yourself against the crime of conspiracy. To do so, think about which elements of the crime you would be able to successfully contest, and the evidence that you would be able to provide. Make sure that you have a full understanding of the law before taking further action.